DD of Ophthalmology - طب فوريو Teb4u

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DD of Ophthalmology - طب فوريو Teb4u

مُساهمة من طرف Optimistic Doctor في 29/04/11, 12:39 pm



Hallows around light


  1. Icipient stage of cataract due to water vacuoles in lens

  2. acute congestive glaucoma - Prodromal stage - due to water vacoules in corneal epithelium

  3. muco purulent conjunctivitis

  4. corneal oedema



Moving ulcer in cornea


  1. Mooren's ulcer

  2. fasicular ulcer

  3. typical hypopyin ulcer



Blue sclera


  1. Children

  2. High myopia

  3. Buphthalmos

  4. Over staphyloma

  5. Osteogenesis imperfecta




Red eye


  1. Acute irido cyclitis

  2. Acute conjunctivitis

  3. Acute primary congestive glaucoma

  4. acute keratitis

  5. Dry eye




Unilateral irreactive pupil


  1. Local Atropine

  2. Third nerve paralysis

  3. Absolute glaucoma

  4. Acute congestive glaucoma

  5. sedrosis bulbi

  6. traumatic mydriasis




Glued lashes


  1. Ulcerative blepharitis - with hot water wash there is uclerated surface and normal conjucntiva

  2. Mucopurulent cinjunctivitis - with hot water wash there is conjunctival hyperaemis and free from ulcer red margin



Pesudo membranes


  1. Severe purulent conjunctivitis

  2. Viral conjunctivitis

  3. Fungal conjunctivitis


  4. Chemical burn

  5. Diphteria until proved otherwise

  6. steven johnson syndrome



عيل صغير بيدمع


  1. Congenital glaucoma

  2. Ophthalmia neonatorum

  3. Nasolacrimal duct obstruction



Follicular conjunctivitis


  1. Adenovirus

  2. Chlamydia

  3. Herpes simplex

  4. hypersensitivity to topical medication



Sore throat in ophthalmology


  1. Phylcten

  2. Diphtheria


  3. Adenovirus

  4. Dendritic ulcer



Corneal Phylcten


  1. Limbal area spring catarrah

  2. Pinguecula

  3. Episcleritis

  4. Trachomatous pannus




Enlarged blindpsot


  1. Bilateral Papilloedema

  2. Optic neuritis

  3. Annular crescent of high myopes



Tubular field


  1. Advanced case of glaucoma

  2. Advanced case of retinitis pigmentosa

  3. CRAO with abnormal cilio-retinal branch

  4. retinitis pigmentosa



Vitreous Haemorrhage


  1. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy

  2. Blunt trauma

  3. CRVO

  4. Retinal tear

  5. Intra Occular malignancies

  6. Blood diseases


Melanoma


  1. Naveus

  2. Choroidal haemangioma

  3. metastic from breast



Amourotic Cat's eye - Leucoria


  1. Neonatal enophthalmitis

  2. Retinoblastoma

  3. Tuberous sclerosis

  4. Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous - PHPV

  5. Toxoplasma Chorioretinitis

  6. Congenital Cataract

  7. Coat`s Disease

  8. Posterior Polar Cataract

  9. cyclitic membrane

  10. granulomas

  11. coloboma of choroid

  12. advanced retinopathy of prematurity



Painfull Proptosis


  1. Pan opthalmitis - Hazy cornea + Anterior chamber purulent exudates

  2. Cavernous sinus thrombosis - mastoid oedema

  3. Acute dacroadenitis - swelling + pain over the lacrimal gland

  4. Orbital Cellulitis



papillary conjunctivitis


  1. Trachoma

  2. Spring catarrah

  3. Giant paplliary conj(contact lens,artificial tears)

  4. Ophthalmia neonatorum






Pannus


  1. degenerative pannus in absolute glaucoma

  2. contact lens wearer

  3. trachomatous pannus

  4. phlyctenules pannus

  5. leprotic pannus






keratoconus


  1. keratectasia :bulging of weak corneal scar (outer layer only)

  2. anterior staphyloma

  3. Acute dacrocystitis - swelling + pain over the lacrimal gland

  4. keratoglobus





Ulcer with steroids


  1. fasicular ulcer(phlectenular)

  2. Disciform (herpetic)

  3. Marginal (staph)





Effect of phlycten


  1. Corneal phlycten

  2. phlyctenular ulcer

  3. Ring ulcer(if multiple)

  4. Pannus

  5. Fascicular ulcer(moving)







Pear Shaped Pupil


  1. Rubture Globe Of Cornea Due To Local Trauma

  2. Pupillary Margin Tearing Form Local Trauma

  3. small peripheral corneal perforation due to ulcer

  4. cataract surgery (uncommon, in the past) or any other corneal wound of any cause






Cherry Red Spot


  1. Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

  2. Retinal Oedema (Commotio -Retina)or Berlin`s Oedema

  3. Macular Hole With Central Retinal Detachment

  4. Quinnine Poisoning

  5. amaurotic Family Idiothy




photopsia + musca


  1. choroiditis

  2. retinal tear





2ry buphthalmos


  1. retinoblastoma

  2. rubella





large cornea at birth


  1. buphthalmos

  2. congenital myopia

  3. megalocornea





sudden drop of vision


  1. trauma

  2. vascular : CRAO , fuch's spot , vit. hge , ica thrombosis

  3. amoaurosis fugax: 3p = papielledema + prodroma of CRAO + Postural hypotension




unilat. total loss of vision


  1. CRAO

  2. optic n. avulsion

  3. rupture globe




s shaped deformity of eyelid


  1. acute dacryoadenitis

  2. sarcoidosis

  3. leukemia

  4. hodgkin lymhoma



Causes of Glucoma in blunt Trauma


  1. hyphema

  2. Sublaxated lens

  3. lanterior and posterior dislocation of lens

  4. Traumatic iridocyclitis

  5. Vitreous hge

  6. Retrobulbar hematoma

  7. Carotid cavernous fistula




Causes of Hyphema


  1. Hemoragic iridocyclitis

  2. trauma

  3. blood disease

  4. Hypertension

  5. Rubiosis iridis




Causes of tremulous iris


  1. hypermature senile cataract

  2. Aphakia

  3. Posterior dislocation of the lens

  4. sublaxated lens

  5. congential Glucoma(Buopthalmous)




Contraindications of pilocarbine


  1. Irido cyclitis

  2. Axial opacity

  3. Pupillary block

  4. neovascular Glucoma




Causes of custoid macular edema


  1. Diapetic maculopathy

  2. CRVO

  3. Drug induced

  4. hodgkin lymhoma




causes of ring scotoma


  1. Primary open angle Glucoma

  2. Retinitis pigmentosa





ORAL contraceptives


  1. CRVO

  2. pseudo tumor cerebri

  3. migraine




pulsated proptosis


  1. carotid cavernous fistula

  2. meningeoencephalocoele

  3. opthalmic artery anurism

  4. highly vascular rhapdomyosarcoma




uniocular diplopia


  1. iridodialysis

  2. sublaxated lens

  3. big prepheral iridectomy

  4. congenital polycoria ( muliple pupils )

  5. incipient stage of senile cotical cataract




binuclear diplopia


  1. Anisometrpia corrected by glasses

  2. Anisometrpia more than 4 diopter

  3. Paralytic squint

  4. Restrictive myopathy:-symblepharon,blow owt fracture,dysthyroid ohthalmopathy

  5. incipient stage of senile cotical cataract




Nodule at limbus


  1. CONGENITAL CYST

  2. EPITHELIAL IMPLANTATION CYST

  3. AQUEOUS CYST

  4. DERMOID

  5. LIPODERMOID

  6. PAPILLOMA

  7. SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA

  8. NAEVUSD

  9. FOREIGN BODY GRANULOMA

  10. PHYLCTEN

  11. NODULAR EPISCLERITIS

  12. SARCOIDOSIS

  13. MALIGNANT MELANOMA OF UVEA

  14. VASCULARISED LIMBAL KERATITIS

  15. LANGERHANS CELL HISTIOCYTOSIS

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Optimistic Doctor
 
 

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رد: DD of Ophthalmology - طب فوريو Teb4u

مُساهمة من طرف mona في 29/04/11, 03:35 pm

جميلة جدا بجد

جزاكم الله خيرا

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mona
 
 

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